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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Legibility of figure/ground colour combinations for the electronic display of text found in the catalog.

Legibility of figure/ground colour combinations for the electronic display of text

Thomas Francis Barry Dolan

Legibility of figure/ground colour combinations for the electronic display of text

by Thomas Francis Barry Dolan

  • 347 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Computer graphics.,
  • Graphic methods -- Computer programs.,
  • Visual perception.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Thomas Francis Barry Dolan.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 406 leaves :
    Number of Pages406
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18877153M

    This text should be readable from at least 5 feet away. Main Body Text: This is a comfortable text size for someone reading from a distance of 5 feet ( m). Captions: 24 – It's OK to make these a bit smaller than the body text if necessary. Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed. The arrangement of type involves selecting typefaces, point sizes, line lengths, line-spacing (), and letter-spacing (tracking), and adjusting the space between pairs of letters (kerning).The term typography is also applied to the style, arrangement, and appearance of.

    assertion remains largely untested. Text display studies have focused primarily on screen and paper, with little-to-no data gathered on Portable Digital Assistants (PDAs), the Apple1 iPod, e-book readers, or cell phones. A more likely reason for the slow acceptance of this medium is the emotional response elicited when abandonment of.   Its large x-height and sturdy, well-spaced forms aid its legibility at text sizes, while its low stroke contrast and range of weights allow it to successfully function at larger sizes as well.

    a display to prevent unwanted depth effects (colors appearing to lie in dif ferent planes). Never use t he blue c hannel alone f or fine detail suc h as t ext or g raphics. Do no t use, f or e xample, blue t ext on a blac k bac kground or y ello w text on a whit e bac k-ground. Areas of strong color .   (c) Electronic paper and electronic books. An electronic book, now generally known as an E-book or Reader, is the digital equivalent of a printed book, in the simplest versions capable of presenting monochrome text one page at a time, with page changing taking a second or two.


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Legibility of figure/ground colour combinations for the electronic display of text by Thomas Francis Barry Dolan Download PDF EPUB FB2

This study examined legibility of different color combinations of text and background through a repeated measures design. The participants were asked to identify the characters displayed in the center of a CRT display aloud.

The independent variable was a color combination of a text color and background by: To reflect brand, text selection can use an accent of your primary or secondary color. Selected text should be legible against the selection color, and the selection color should contrast the background color.

Alternatively, you can display outlines, motion, checkmark icons, or other text treatments to indicate selected text. To allow the researchers to repeat the experiment or use the color combinations from this experiment for other experiments in the future, the colors are detailed with RGB triplets, CIE () chromaticity coordinates (x, y), and luminance (L), which were measured on the the CIE colorimetric colors are expressed on the basis of the international CIE X, Y, Z color system (), which Cited by: ranking of the same color combination can be observed accordingly, as listed in table Although earlier researchers failed to identify specific color combination that performs a better readability on electronic displays, they revealed that the font/background color combination is an important factor that affects RE [Radl, ; Pace, ].Cited by: 1.

This study explored and identified the effects of luminance contrast, colour combinations, font, and search time on brand icon legibility. A total of participants took part in the experiment.

Text that is in a color that contrasts well with an achromatic background of black, gray, or white or black or white text on a high-contrast, color background generally provides better legibility than when both text and background are in different chromatic colors—unless the two colors.

Color Combinations That Will Work In And Beyond. One of the first things you should do if you want to step up your creative game is to get confident about choosing color combinations. Knowing what colors go together is a skill in itself and it can have a positive impact on all areas of your life.

Let’s start with business. 5. Establish various color combinations. It’s good to identify some additional color combinations for attention-grabbing call-outs and other possible needs. My base example with dark gray "Raven" text and a bright "Darkest Alice" blue for links and buttons.

Example with darks on a lighter background. Example with lights on a darker background. Proper sign color and contrast is an essential element in sign legibility. A high-color contrast factor will improve legibility.

Here are the best combinations, ranked in order of legibility from a distance. Color Combination Effects. Contrast Solutions. Weak color contrasts. Legibility and Color This figure spans all of the possible luminance relations between symbols and backgrounds.

The white at the left edge of this background is the highest possible background luminance of any color and the black at the right edge is the lowest. No text of any color can have higher luminance than the top row nor lower.

6 where Y max is the largest luminance value among text and background and Y min the lowest. Legge14 observed that reading speed in normal vision is nearly unaffected by contrast reductions down to a critical Michelson contrast of 10% or less. McIntyre17 found in an informal study that some users require a contrast between 80% and 95% for comfortable reading.

The Impact of Web Page Text-Background Color Combinations on Readability, Retention, Aesthetics, and Behavioral Intention, Laboratory for Information Technology Evaluation, Technical Report LITE For indoor web use you might get away with any reasonably dark-and-light color combination.

It concentrates on research into presentation factors that influence the reading of complex, realistic displays of text. The authors focus on the readability, rather than the legibility, of text. Readability of screen displays with various foreground/ background color combinations, font styles, and font types.

Paper presented at the 11 th National Conference on Undergraduate Research, 2. Is black on white the solution for everyone. Text and background colour can have a strong effect on the legibility of type. This research looked at text and background colours to discover which combinations are the most legible in both print and screen-based environments.

The experiment conducted tested people’s reading speeds with different combinations of text and background colour. The text color used in all samples was black (f). Following we present each of the levels of Background Color followed by the RGB color values, the hex color value; and the luminosity contrast ratio.

Since all the color contrasts are greater than they all meet the WCAG[5] color contrast requirements for AAA. Also, in every color combination surveyed, the darker text on a lighter background was rated more readable than its inverse (e.g.

blue text on white background ranked higher then white text on blue background). Readability Of Websites With Various Foreground/Background Color Combinations, Font Types And Word Styles.

Against a dark background, bold orange stands out. The color is picked up in menu items, and even echoed in the red of the featured bike’s back springs. Most importantly, the whole site is in the colors of the logo: black, orange and white.

Conclusion. Some colors are effective because they stimulate urgency, others because they soothe anxiety. Is blue bad. Should text be black on white or white on black.

What colors produce the most readable text. How do I use color in graphs and charts. Does color affect eyestrain?. Is blue bad?. Blue gets a lot of bad ink, not to mention a lot of bad pixels. Guidelines often say to avoid blue for text and other objects with fine detail. Most designers know that blue and red are the worst color combinations possible when it comes to text, and especially blue text on a red background.

The colors are both too strong and fight to. years. Before the advent of electronic displays and the Inter-net, color was not a variable that printers generally had to consider. Text color defaulted to black on white. So much so, that font metrics use \black area" and \white area" to refer to text and background respectively [9].

Since the advent of the Internet, there have been a num.the most readable color combination is black text on white background; overall, there is a stronger preference for any combination containing black. The two least readable combinations were red on green and fuchsia on blue. White on blue and red on yellow were ranked fairly high, while green on yellow and white on fuchsia were ranked fairly low.Font Color – For greatest visibility of letters, use colors that contrast with the background color of your sign.

We’ve included a chart below that outlines common color combinations for the best visibility. The general rule of thumb is that you should use a light colored background with a dark letter, and vice versa.